A lot of people get a later start in life when it comes to saving. It’s human nature that most people don’t even think about it until they turn 40.
But if your retirement plan consists of being wheeled out of work on a gurney straight to a funeral home because you’re working right up to your last breath…well, maybe it’s time for a rethink!
We went through two generational cycles where people were able to retire at a younger age, relative to their lifespan, than at any time in history.
Some people were calling it quits in their 50s because they had a pension and then Social Security later in life. So they never had to work another day in their lives.
Today, though, pensions are mostly gone and people are not saving enough.
Saving for retirement when you’ve reached your 50s
If you’re getting a later start at saving, here are some things you’ll need to know…
Work longer than you expected if you’re able
In the past, it was very common to retire and take Social Security at 62. But for every year you wait after 62, you have a roughly 8% return per year on your Social Security lifetime benefit. So if you wait from 62 to 70, the amount that Social Security pays climbs dramatically.
If you are physically able and planned to stop working in your 60s, but you don’t have a lot saved, consider working as long you’re healthy — especially if you’re a woman likely to outlive her significant other or if you know you’re genetically blessed with longevity in your family.
You don’t want to outlive your money!
Know how much you’ll need to retire
By age 35, you should have two times your annual salary saved up for retirement, according to the latest numbers from Fidelity Investments.
Five years later, you should have three times your annual salary. And on and on, until you reach 67 when you should have 10 times your annual salary saved.
Laid out visually, the Fidelity guidelines for individuals look like this:
- By 35, save two times your gross annual salary
- By 40, save three times your gross annual salary
- By 45, save four times your gross annual salary
- By 50, save six times your gross annual salary
- By 55, save seven times your gross annual salary
- By 60, save eight times your gross annual salary
- By 67, save 10 times your gross annual salary
Know how much to save when you’re starting later in life
As we noted earlier, most people don’t start thinking about saving until their 40th birthday.
This MarketWatch story details how much you have to save each month to retire a millionaire when you are starting later in life. Their number assume you start with $10,000 invested and your portfolio grows by 7% every year.
It becomes really easy to see the power of saving early!
- 25 year olds have to save a little over $300 a month. That’s just $10 a day for the rest of their working lifetime.
- 35 year olds have to save $775 a month.
- 45 year olds have to save $1,850 a month.
- 55 year olds have to save $5,700 a month.
Strive to reduce debt in your life
Being debt free buys you so much freedom. And today it’s easier to become debt free than at any time in recent memory because of cheap interest rates. If you’re still paying high interest rates, like on a credit card, get a lower interest card if you can qualify and transfer the balance.
Look at that box on your monthly statement and see what you’d have to pay to be debt free in three years. Then resolve to pay that each and every month. You need to budget money to pay down your debt just as you would budget for rent or a mortgage or a car payment.
Pound away at your mortgage
Speaking of your mortgage, you’re going to want to start winding yours down before retirement. To do that, you can try an accelerated mortgage program (aka biweekly mortgage plan).
Doing this could save $10,000, $20,000 or even $30,000 over the remaining life of your mortgage. Full details of how to set up an accelerated mortgage program for free — without having to paying the bank a service charge — are available here.
Play catch-up with retirement savings
If you’re coming into the savings game kind of late, the government makes it easy to play catch-up. You have to be 50 or over to do this, but here’s how it works:
- If you have a 401(k), 403(b), most 457 plans or the federal government’s Thrift Savings Plan, you can make an extra $6,000 contribution in 2017. (That’s on top of the existing $18,000 contribution limit for these plans.)
- For those with IRAs, your can contribute an additional $1,000 in 2017 over and above the $5,500 limit. So that means you can sock away a grand total of $6,500 in annual contributions.
Be sure to work with fee-only financial planners
If you decide to enlist the services of an advisor, be sure he or she is what’s called “fee only.”
That means they earn their income on an hourly or ongoing basis, not on commissions from the investments they steer you towards.
Read more: 18 easy ways to make extra cash on the side