When I read the news that by 2040 more than half of new cars will be electric, I was not shocked.
I’ve had an electric car for nearly three years now and can say with certainty that once you go down the EV track, it’s hard to turn back. Some people choose to buy an electric vehicle for green reasons. They want to do their part to cut down on harmful emissions polluting the environment. I did it for green reasons, too: money.
My Nissan Leaf has been a money-saver since I signed on the dotted line. I’ll explain why, but first let me put it in reverse and explain how I chose an electric vehicle to begin with.
Electric vs. Gas: Which Vehicle is Cheaper?
A few years ago, I was probably just like you: Driving a gasoline guzzler and loving it. I estimate that I paid around $25 a week in fuel going back and forth to work and running errands — that’s $100 a month. Now gas prices are soaring again. And it costs me zero.
While there are obvious limitations with buying an electric car (range anxiety — i.e. the charge only lasts so long), there are some significant benefits over the traditional internal combustion engines on the roads today. A recent University of Michigan study found that operating an EV costs half what it does to operate a conventional-engine car. In a year, the average cost to operate a gas-powered vehicle was $1,117, the study found. For an EV, the cost was $485. But let’s break down the costs of owning a gas-powered vehicle vs. an EV.
Most electric vehicles are priced on the higher end, but that’s only because automakers haven’t fully invested in them yet. There are relatively few EV models on the market. But things are slowly coming around.
The average cost of an electric vehicle in 2018 was $38,775, according to Kelley Blue Book. For a gas-powered compact car, the price was just over $20,000. Of course, we know there are some EVs (Tesla, for example) that can cost more than $100,000.
The way you can save when purchasing an EV though is to take advantage of available discounts. In California, you can qualify for a rebate of up to $20,000 and in other states you can get one for up to $7,000.
Don’t think that just because I don’t pull up to a Chevron or Texaco every week, I don’t have any costs associated with staying on the road. I have to charge my vehicle every day. There are chargers scattered around the city so that I can keep a charged-up battery for my journeys, but what it doesn’t cost in money it eats up in time.
While most of the chargers around the city cost money, they’re free of charge on many college and university campuses. Personally, I have a charger at my home, so I rarely have to use chargers in public spaces, but when I do, I generally pay about $5 for a 30-minute charge, which lasts me about two days.
My home charger, which I use almost every day, costs me about $15 a month. That works out to about 50 cents a day.
Over a period of time, maintenance is probably where you’ll find the biggest difference between EVs and conventional-engine cars.
Unlike gas-engine cars that have an assortment of synthetic oils and fluids that must be tended to every few months or so, the only thing my dashboard alerts me to maintenance-wise is when my tire pressure is low.
Thus far, I’ve had no mechanical issues. I have bought a full set of tires, though, which I have rotated on a regular basis. Other than that, no gasket leaks, no oil changes or malfunctioning fuel pump gauges — nothing.
Electric Car Batteries: Bad for the Environment?
Much has been said about the toll electric vehicle batteries — made of lithium-ion — will take on the environment in the long term.
But many of those arguments are demonstrably false, and don’t take into account the advancements already underway in second-life applications of lithium-ion batteries.
The European Union, along with China, already have regulations in place to create a thriving aftermarket for old batteries once they can no longer power an electric vehicle. Much of the world is simply waiting on the United States to enact legislation to catch up.
As for battery life, many automakers offer somewhere in the range of 8-year/100,000-mile warranties.
When you compare it to a gas-powered vehicle, it simply doesn’t need the same maintenance approach. That means more money in your pocket.
Electric Cars vs. Gas-Powered Vehicles: By the Numbers
Wondering how specific models of gas-powered vehicles stack up against electric ones? Here are some specs on 2018 EVs from car ratings and review site Edmunds.com.
|Miles Per Gallon
|125 city / 100 highway
|Chevy Bolt EV
|128 city / 110 highway
|129 city / 106 highway
|Tesla Model S
|102 city / 105 highway
Among gas-powered vehicles, here are the best fuel-efficient sedans of 2018, according to car listings and valuation site Kelley Blue Book.
|Miles Per Gallon
|29 city / 40 highway
|30 city / 40 highway
|30 city / 38 highway
|28 city / 39 highway
From the comparisons above, you can see that, as expected, electric cars win hands-down when it comes to efficiencies per mile. But if you’re judging on sticker price — and you perhaps plan on keeping the vehicle only a few years before selling — gas-powered cars may make sense.
One reason for that is this: Since electric vehicles are still a relatively new technology, their resale value doesn’t stand up to conventional-engine cars. But, as new electric models are introduced and their mileage capabilities improve, we can expect their value to do the same.